The Vivace Trio
Gia Sastre &
Carolyn Snyder-Menke, flutes
Denise Wright, piano
The Vivace Trio will present our Season Finale.
- The Star Spangled Banner
- J.S. Bach: Concerto in F Major, BWV 1057
- Antonio Vivaldi: Il Cardellino (The Goldfinch)
- Ian Clarke: Maya
- America, the Beautiful
- Joachim Andersen: Allegro Militaire, Op. 48
- Battle Hymn of the Republic
PROGRAM NOTES by Edward Lein, Music Librarian
Sung to a tune by British composer John Stafford Smith (1750-1836), the famous lyrics of The Star Spangled Banner were written by Francis Scott Key (1779-1843) in 1814 after he witnessed the bombardment of Fort McHenry during the War of 1812. Surprisingly, it only became our "official" National Anthem with a congressional resolution passed on March 3, 1931.
The works of the great German Baroque master Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) are universally identified by the index numbers from the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (Bach Works Catalog), and among these the Concerto in F Major, BWV 1057 (1738) is typically referenced as "Harpsichord Concerto No. 6." Even so, odds are that if you recognize the music it will be as an arrangement of the more famous Brandenburg Concerto No. 4, BWV 1049 (1721 or earlier), only with the keyboard elaborating on music originally played by solo violin, while retaining the prominent obbligato parts for two "Fiauti d'Echo."
Music historians often refer to the Venetian violin virtuoso Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) as the composer most representative of the mature Italian Baroque style, and in addition to sonatas and sacred choral music he wrote nearly four dozen operas and over 500 concertos. The six concertos of Vivaldi's op. 10 (1728) were among the very first works for the transverse flute (as opposed to the recorder) ever published. The subtitle for the third concerto, Il Cardellino (The Goldfinch), is one Vivaldi supplied himself, as the flute part is meant to suggest birdsong.
The music of British flutist and composer Ian Clarke (b.1964) has been performed across five continents and is a favorite of both professional and student musicians. As a soloist and teacher Clarke has appeared at major conventions and events in Canada, Italy, Brazil, France, Iceland, Slovenia, Hungary, Netherlands and numerous times for the British Flute Society and for the National Flute Association in the USA. He completed Maya in 2000, basing the work for two flutes and piano on an earlier piece called Passage (1986). The composer says the title "maya" is a reference to the Sanskrit word for "illusion" rather than to the Mesoamerican civilization.
When Samuel Augustus Ward (1847-1903) wrote the hymn tune Maderna in 1882, the New Jersey organist could not have dreamed that it would become one of the most recognized melodies in the world, thanks to a poet he never even met. Katharine Lee Bates (1859-1929), a professor of English at Wellesley College in Massachusetts, penned America the Beautiful in response to the magnificent panoramas she experienced during a cross-country trip in 1893. First published on July 4, 1895, Bates revised her poem in 1904, and finalized the complete eight stanzas in her 1911 collection entitled, America the Beautiful and Other Poems.
|O beautiful for spacious skies, |
For amber waves of grain,
For purple mountain majesties
Above the fruited plain!
God shed his grace on thee
And crown thy good with brotherhood
From sea to shining sea!
|O beautiful for pilgrim feet |
Whose stern impassioned stress
A thoroughfare of freedom beat
Across the wilderness!
God mend thine every flaw,
Confirm thy soul in self-control,
Thy liberty in law!
Danish composer (Carl) Joachim Andersen (1847-1909) was among the finest flutists and conductors of his generation, and also became a co-founder of the Berlin Philharmonic in 1882. But in 1893, suffering partial paralysis in his tongue, he returned to Copenhagen to concentrate both on teaching and composing. His Allegro Militaire, Op. 48 appeared the following year and originally was for two flutes and orchestra.
At the suggestion of a friend, Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910) wrote the words for The Battle Hymn of the Republic in November 1861 after hearing Union troops singing John Brown's Body. Her new lyrics for the folk tune were published in The Atlantic Monthly in February 1862, and the song has since become the most popular anthem identified with the Civil War. Today's arrangement is by Mark Hayes (b.1953), an American composer and arranger who specializes in sacred choral music.
Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord;
He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored;
He hath loosed the fateful lightning of His terrible swift sword:
His truth is marching on.
Glory, glory, hallelujah! Glory, glory, hallelujah!
Glory, glory, hallelujah! His truth is marching on.
I have seen Him in the watch-fires of a hundred circling camps,
They have builded Him an altar in the evening dews and damps;
I can read His righteous sentence by the dim and flaring lamps:
His day is marching on.
I have read a fiery gospel writ in burnished rows of steel:
"As ye deal with my condemners, so with you my grace shall deal";
Let the Hero, born of woman, crush the serpent with his heel,
Since God is marching on.
He has sounded forth the trumpet that shall never call retreat;
He is sifting out the hearts of men before His judgment-seat;
Oh, be swift, my soul, to answer Him! Be jubilant, my feet!
Our God is marching on.